INFORMATION ABOUT CUSCO
Cusco is a department of Peru located in the southeastern part of the country. It occupies a territory of more than 71.9 thousand square kilometers that includes mostly mountainous territories, the lowest covered by the Amazon rainforest. In this region inhabited the first Andean civilizations with the influence of Huari and Tiahuanaco. It is also the cradle of the Inca Empire and site of the resistance of the Incas of Vilcabamba after the Conquest of Peru.
The Geography of Cuzco expands through the valley that forms the Huatanay River and the surrounding hills. Its altitude is about 3,399 m.a.s.l. Its climate is generally dry and temperate. It has two defined seasons: a dry one between April and October, with sunny days, cold nights with frosts and an average temperature of 13 ° C; and another rainy, from November to March, average temperature 12 ° C. On sunny days the temperature reaches 20 ° C, although the light wind of the mountain is usually cold.
Cusco is under the macro-climatic influence of large masses of air coming from the south eastern jungle, as well as the Peruvian-Bolivian Altiplano winds that are rather cold and dry, like those coming from Patagonia, entering through the south-eastern zone and that usually involve larger-scale climatic events. On the other hand, the local winds that are generated in its valleys and plains have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day. The average annual temperature fluctuates between 10.3 ° C and 13 ° C (between 50.54 ° and 52.34 ° Fahrenheit); but these temperatures vary according to the area.